TAZKIRAH CORNER

Sunday, February 7, 2010

Vocabulary

Hello guys, here I put some vocabulary about racism.


Anti-Semitism - Coined by Wilhelm Marr, an anti-Jewish German journalist in 1879, was used to mean "opposition to Jews." Today it refers to prejudice against Jews.


Apartheid - the system of racial segregation in South Africa


Bigotry - intolerance for the beliefs of others, particularly those of minority groups.
 Block-busting - The illegal practice of exploiting racial prejudice by inducing the sale of houses owned by whites in segregated neighborhoods at bargain prices as a result of a minority being sold a home in that neighborhood.


Civil rights - he rights of full legal, social and political equality afforded to all citizens.


Demagogue - A person who gains power through impassioned public appeals to the emotions and prejudices of a group by speaking or writing.


Disinformation - Purposely incorrect information.


Ethnocentrism - The belief that one's own ethnic, religious, or political group is superior to all others.


Genocide - (genos=people, race, kind; cide=murder) The use of deliberate, systematic measures (as killing, bodily or mental injury, unlivable conditions, prevention of births, forcible transfer of children of the group to another group) calculated to bring about the destruction of a racial, political or cultural group or to destroy the language, religion or culture of a group.


Gerrymandering - The division of voting districts to give one group an advantage over another.


Ghetto - A section of a city in which Jews were required to live surrounded by walls; has been adopted to include sections or cities predominantly inhabited by minority groups which may have socio-economic rather than physical barriers.


Holocaust - Literally, "fire that causes destruction," has been used to designate the destruction of six million Jews by the Nazis during World War II.


Insurance red-lining - The practice, illegal in many states, of setting insurance rates on the basis of a neighborhood, which is intended to discriminate against residences and businesses in "undesirable" neighborhoods.


Ku Klux Klan - An organization in the United States which utilizes propaganda and terror against African-Americans, Jews, Catholics, and other minorities to express its extremist racist and anti-Semitic views.


Lynching - The capture and killing of a person, usually by hanging, often in retaliation for a real or perceived crime, by a mob acting outside the authority of the civil justice system.


Persecution - The oppression and/or harassment of people based on their race, religion, color, national origin, or other distinguishing characteristic.


Pogrom - An organized, and often government-sponsored or condoned massacre of Jews.


Prejudice - An unfavorable opinion formed against a person or group based on a stereotype.


Propaganda - Information which is used to promote a cause or to injure or enhance the reputation of a group, individual, or position, and which may either not be factual, may "bend" the facts, or does not tell the entire story, in order to suit the purposes of the author.


Racism - A belief that one race is superior to another.


Scapegoat - A person or group who is given the blame for the mistakes or failures of others, promoted through the use of propaganda.


Skinhead - A member of a youth cult group, whose members shave their heads, and whose activities in some cases have taken the form of violence and terror directed against African-Americans, Hispanics, Jews, Asians, homosexuals, and other minorities.


Stereotype - A generalized image of a person or group, which does not acknowledge individual differences and which is often prejudicial to that person or group.


Written by Nurul Atiqah Binti Mohamad

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